Viaggio in Dalmazia ; volume primo / Alberto Fortis. x x cm ( book measurement (conservation)) | RCIN Request PDF on ResearchGate | Geological issues in Alberto Fortis’ Viaggio in Dalmazia () | The Italian abbot Alberto Fortis (–), educated in. Viaggio in Dalmazia / dell’Abate Alberto Fortis Volume secondo. Main Author: Fortis, Alberto, Related Names: Milocco, Alvise (Venecia), imp.

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The Italian clergyman Alberto Fortis studied philosophy and natural sciences with a specialty in mineralogy, and was professor at the University of Padua.

Later in life he settled at Spalato Splitfrom where he went on a series of explorations in Istria and Dalmatia, which at the time were provinces of the Venetian Republic. He published his impressions inin a volume entitled “Viaggio in Dalmazia” “A Journey to Dalmatia”.

Viaggio in Dalmazia /, by Alberto Fortis et al. | The Online Books Page

In his account, Fortis did not limit himself to subjects of geological and archaeological interest such as fossils, minerals, sculptures, inscriptions and coinswhich at the time were closely related to the financial and commercial activities of the Serenissima; in addition, he gave a thorough description of the population.

His attention was especially drawn to the inhabitants of the Dalmatian inland, known as the Morlacchi or Mavrovlachi. Although initially the name of Morlacchi viagfio the Vlach peoples of the western Balkans, in the 17th century this appellation corresponded to the Slav, mainly Orthodox populations, who were stereotypically viewed by the European reading public as savage, violent and primitive.


However, Fortis is the first foreigner to have visited their settlements and he dalmaiza an important part of his vviaggio to them.

To Fortis, the Morlacchi constituted the archetype of the “noble savage”. He describes their rudimentary living conditions and the squalid huts where they slept together with their livestock, as well as their coarse manners; nevertheless, he also stresses their virtues, their spontaneous sincerity, their hospitality and their code of honour, in viagyio the blood feud vendetta was the chief moral regulator.

However, in Fortis’s work the Morlacchi do not merely represent Rousseau’s “noble barbarian”, since he also depicts them as reminiscent of the heroes of epic tradition. He was especially drawn to their folk songs, fkrtis their bards sang accompanied by a gusle, an one or two-stringed instrument played with a bow.

Fortis wrote in an era when the European reading public was fascinated by epic poetry: In this ambience, the publication of “Viaggio in Dalmazia” caused a sensation and the epic poem albefto the Morlacchi entitled “Hasanaginica” “Lament of the wife of Hassan Aga”which relates the conflicts between the inhabitants of the Croatian frontier and the Ottomans, was translated into Italian by Fortis, later into German by Goethe, into English by Sir Viafgio Scott and into Russian by Pushkin.

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Alberto Fortis

To Fortis, who liked to draw parallels between geology and human history, these poems were the “literary fossils” of the Dalmatian past. The work of Fortis and his Morlacchi continued to exert an influence on arts viagguo letters for several decades after the publication of “Viaggio in Dalmazia”. In”Gli Antichi Slavi” of Camillo Federici was staged in Venice during the Carnival, while in an adaptation of the same play was presented again twice, as a comic opera and alberro a ballet performance titled “Le Nozze dei Morlacchi”.

A poetical sketch of the revolutions that have happened in the natural history of our planet: Central European University Press, Authority, Laughter and Savage Breasts in an 18th-c. Dalmatia and the Mediterranean: Portable Damazia and the Poetics of Influence Leiden: Oxford University Press, Venice and the Slavs: The Discovery of Dalmatia in the Age of Enlightenment. Stanford University Press, Written by Nicolas Nicolaides.

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