Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Pp. ($ ). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By Alexander Gerschenkron. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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There, he taught economic history and Soviet studies. Even the recent pause, requiring massive assistance from the IMF oerspective extensive domestic restructuring, has come off with barely a temporary decline.

For others, his approach has often proved a useful starting point for the historical discussion of other parts of the world, such as Henry Rosovsky did with Japan, and others, elsewhere. His erudition and breadth of knowledge became legendary in its time. Those specific cases, in turn, bolstered his advocacy of a comparative, all-encompassing European structure.

In his own writings, his references were varied, and consciously intended to impress: His talents were notable and appreciated: Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. However, in the party ceased to exist after the Austrian Civil War.

Please read our Copyright Information page for prrspective copyright information. He showed that the high rate of growth of Soviet industrial production was an effect of index number bias: Belknap Press of Eocnomic University Press, He was a Professor of Economics at Harvard for about 25 years. He and his wife wrote an article together on translations of Shakespeare, bakwardness was published in a literary journal.

As an example of his facility with languages, Deirdre McCloskey tells of Gerschenkron’s harsh evaluation of a Russian translation: It all began, appropriately enough, with the Soviet Union. England, the locus of the Industrial Revolution, could advance with free market guidance along the lines of Adam Smith.


There he taught himself languages including, German and Latin. In this study, he analyzes the problem of the relation between democracy hhistorical the protection of agricultural products, particularly of grain, in Germany.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective — Alexander Gerschenkron | Harvard University Press

This has not much altered the pattern of development. In he worked with the Federal Reserve in the Research and Statistics department. The rapid pace of development in East Asia, for example, has inspired a whole set of major works over the last fifteen years, seeking to ascertain how a region, apparently condemned to continuing stagnation by religion, language and tradition, could spurt ahead in the s and subsequent periods.

Many of the essays are still worth reading. Pantheon, his grandson, we know much more about his life than we had previously.

His acceptance marked the real beginning of his academic career that subsequently was to flourish over the rest of his life.

He researched at the University of California, Berkeley, for five years and then in he moved to Washington, D. He usually limited himself to a final evaluative comment, and one that either justified further research or implicitly suggested that another topic might be a better eventual choice.

In economic history he taught a year-long course required of all graduate economics students. Gerschenkron kept his former political affiliations a secret after he was able to immigrate to the United States. On the other side is the reality of declining international assistance from the already developed North.

What was xlexander advantage in one historical setting can readily become a disadvantage in another. Should one engage in significant land reform? But the very effort to construct an explicit, and testable, model is what differentiates him from his contemporaries. Such unbalanced growth was frequently made feasible through state participation. Send email to historlcal eh.


Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Those who survived that complex relationship almost bckwardness emerged with deep affection and fond memories, even if the process backwarsness far from linear and continuous. What these persons gained was proximity to a stellar intellect, and close association with each other as they pursued their research. But the dedication, from the Pirke Avotstates their strong feelings perhaps best of all: Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed.

Many of his students went on to have productive careers, and a good number of them have attained presidency of the Economic History Association. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.

Alexander Gerschenkron

pesrpective The University experience was the first of these disappointments. His early professional career is not recorded in autobiography as was his first 20 years. In gerscnenkron, Gerschenkron and his family emigrated to the United States after the annexation of Austria to the German Reich. France, beginning later, would need greater intervention to compensate for its limitations.

Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: For methods employing a reference price structurea country’s share of total GDP that is the total for the group of countries being compared will rise as the reference price structure becomes less characteristic of its own price structure.

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