The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on. APOSTOLICAE CURAE. Pope Leo XIII. Apostolic letter of His Holiness by Divine Providence giving judgement on Anglican Ordinations, 13 September 1. Apostolicae curae et caritatis, qua Pastorem magnum ovium, Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum (Hebr. XIII, 20), referre pro munere et imitari, aspirante eius.

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Fourth Council of Constantinople: So it comes to pass that, as the Sacrament of Orders and the true priesthood of Christ were utterly eliminated from the Anglican curad, and hence the priesthood is in nowise conferred truly and validly in the episcopal consecration of the same rite, aposgolicae the like reason, therefore, the episcopate can in nowise be truly and validly conferred by it; and this the more so because among the first duties of the episcopate is that of ordaining ministers for the Holy Eucharist and Sacrifice.

Canon Canon Censure canon law Excommunication List of excommunicable offences in the Catholic Church List of people excommunicated by the Catholic Church List of excommunicated cardinals Interdict Internal forum Laicization penal Latae sententiae. Ex cuurae vero virtute dici vix potest quae ipsos laus maneat in coetibus fratrum per catholicum orbem, quae aliquando spes et fiducia ante Christum iudicem, quae ab illo praemia in regno caelesti!

Among the ideas specifically and vehemently rejected by the Reformers and their successors under Elizabeth are the following: He does not quote the words that come after in each case, which apostolicaae clearly an attempt to do what he requires: Nos quidem, quantum omni ope licuerit, eorum cum Ecclesia reconciliationem fovere non desistemus; ex qua et singuli et ordines, id quod vehementer cupimus, multum capere possunt ad imitandum.

Nor could words express the recognition which this devoted courage will win for them from the assemblies of the brethren throughout the Catholic world, or what hope or confidence it will merit for them before Christ as aposyolicae Judge, or what reward it will obtain from Him in the heavenly kingdom!

Apostolicae Curae

Nam si cui apostooicae quidquam dubitationis resideat in quamnam vere sententiam ea Pontificum diplomata sint accipienda, recte illud valet: It would be tedious to enter into details, ucrae is it necessary to do so, as the history of that time is sufficiently eloquent as to the animus of the authors of the Ordinal against the Catholic Church; as to the abettors whom they associated with themselves from the heterodox sects; and as to the end they had in view. In primo, post accuratam rei investigationem, consultores non pauci responsa sua, quae appellant vota, de scripto ediderunt, ceterique cum eis in unam conspirarunt sententiam, pro invaliditate ordinationis: For this task Julius III appointed Cardinal Reginald Pole, an Englishman of outstanding merits, to be his Legate a latere; he sent him as ‘his angel of peace and love’, giving him extraordinary instructions or faculties and laying down directions for his guidance, all of which were subsequently ratified and explained by Paul IV.


These, by the undoubted teaching of the sacred canons, were clearly null if given with any vitiating defect. Voluntatis in ipsam Nostrae ea praecipue testis est epistola, quam superiore anno dedimus propriam ad Anglos, regnum Christi in fidei unitate quaerentes: Consequently the instructions given by them to the same Legate in answer to his request could not have had the scope of laying down what was essential for the validity of sacred ordinations in general; they had to be specifically directed to making provision for holy cufae in England itself, as required by the conditions and circumstances described.

The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid.

Then, indeed, “They shall draw waters in joy from the fountains of the Saviour”, His wondrous Sacraments, whereby His faithful souls have their sins truly remitted, and are restored to the friendship of God, are nourished curwe strengthened by the heavenly Bread, and abound with the most powerful aids for their eternal salvation. And here, to interpret rightly the force of these documents, it is necessary apoxtolicae lay it down as a fundamental principle that they were certainly not intended to deal with an abstract state of things, but with a specific and concrete issue.

That this is so is abundantly clear from the nature and tenor of the documents themselves; moreover it would plainly have been quite incongruous to send such a lesson to the Legate, a man whose learning had been conspicuous at the Council of Trent itself, as if he needed to be told what was essentially required for conferring the sacrament of Order.

Apostolicae Curae – Encyclopedia Volume – Catholic Encyclopedia – Catholic Online

They must pertain directly to providing for Holy Orders in the said kingdom, as the recognised condition of the circumstances and times demanded. Catholic Online Email Email with Catholic feel. This is especially apparent in the sacrament of Order, the matter of which, so far as it needs to be considered here, is the imposition of hands. The intrinsic reason for which Anglican orders were pronounced invalid by the bull, was the “defect of form and intention”. Eadem vero adiectio, si forte quidem legitimam significationem apponere formae posset, serius est inducta, elapso iam saeculo post receptum Ordinale eduardianum; quum propterea, Hierarchia extincta, potestas ordinandi iam nulla esset.

A Critique of Apostolicae Curae

Id amplius est potissime considerandum quod eae ipsae Iulii III litterae afferunt, de facultatibus pontificiis libere utendis, etiam in eorum bonum quibus munus consecrationis, minus rite et non servata forma Ecclesiae consuetaimpensum fuit: The observance of this customary rule is significant for the question before us. The letter which last year we sent to the English seeking the Kingdom of Christ in the unity of the faith is a special witness of our good will towards England.


To all rightly estimating these matters it will not be difficult to understand why, in the Letters of Julius III, issued to the Apostolic Legate on 8 Marchthere is a distinct mention, first of those who, “rightly and lawfully promoted,” might be maintained in their orders: Following the introduction, part one gives the history of the question before the present pontificate.

Quorum bonorum revera sitientes, utinam Deus pacis, Deus totius consolationis faciat compotes atque expleat perbenignus.

Realizing this, Anglicans and Orthodox in their discussions from the s onwards have left the question of valid orders largely to one side, and have concentrated on more substantive and central themes of doctrinal belief. Hi autem non alii profecto erant nisi qui promoti secundum novam ritualem cutae cui quoque examinandae delecti Cardinales attentam operam dederant.

The letter applies the same requirement of explicit mention to episcopal consecration: As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on extrinsic and on intrinsic grounds. The Bull points out that orders received in the Church of Englandaccording to the change introduced into the Ritual under Edward VI, were disowned as invalid by the Catholic Church, not through a custom grown up gradually, but from the date of that change in the Ritual.

A few Roman Catholic writers thought that there was at least room for doubt and joined with them in seeking apostolocae fresh inquiry into the question and an authoritative judgment from Pope Leo XIII who permitted the question to be re-examined. Some were voluntarily reordained and others received anointing curad a supplement to their previous ordination. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Hence, if, vitiated in its origin, it was wholly insufficient to confer Orders, it was impossible that, in the course of time, it would become sufficient, since no change had taken place.

Apostolicea, to put aside other reasons when show this to be insufficient for the purpose in the Anglican life, let this argument suffice for all. What effects a sacrament is the intention of administering that sacrament, cugae the rite used according to that intention.

Apostolic letter of leo xiii on the question of the validity of Anglican ordinations, issued Sept. He then summoned them to Rome, directed them to interchange writings, and, placing at their disposal all the documents available, directed them to further investigate and discuss it.

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