Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. 2 Eugenical News Applied Eugenics. At last we have a book that attempts to cover the field of practical eugenics. The authors are well known for their interest in. PAUL H. DOUGLAS. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. Applied Eugenics. By PAUL POPENOE and ROSWELL HILL. JOHNSON. New York, The Macmillan Company .
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Paul Bowman Popenoe October 16, — June 19, was an American agricultural explorer and eugenicist. He was an influential advocate of the compulsory sterilization of the mentally ill and the mentally disabled, and the father of marriage counseling in the United States. Popenoe dropped his middle name early in life. He moved to California as a teen.
After attending Occidental College for two years and Stanford University for his Junior year Majoring in English with coursework in biologyPopenoe left school to care for his father and worked for several years as a newspaper editor. He then worked briefly as an agricultural explorer collecting date specimens in Western Asia and Northern Africa for his father’s nursery in California, along with his younger brother Wilson Popenoe, a horticulturist.
These travels received considerable support and interest from the U. In the mids Popenoe became interested in human breeding, editing the Journal of Heredity from untilwith a special attention to eugenics and social hygiene. ByPopenoe had become well-established enough to co-author with Roswell Hill Johnson a popular college textbook on eugenics Applied Eugenicsedited by Richard T. Elywhich outlined his vision of a eugenics program that primarily relied on the segregation of “waste humanity” into rural institutions where they would perform manual labor to offset the cost of their institutionalization.
He was opposed to child labor on the belief that banning such labor would reduce the size of families he regarded as unfit members of society. Under the War Department Commission on Training Camp Activities, he was charged with rooting out liquor and prostitution in an effort to reduce the high incidence of venereal disease amongst U.
They remained married until her death on 26 June In the mids, Popenoe began working with E. Gosneya wealthy California financier, and the Human Betterment Foundation to promote eugenic policies in the state of California.
InCalifornia had enacted its first compulsory sterilization law which allowed for sterilization of the mentally appoied and mentally retarded in its state psychiatric hospitals. With Popenoe as his scientific workhorse, Gosney appled to study the sterilization work being done uegenics California and use it to advocate sterilization in other parts of the country and in the world at large. This would culminate in a number of works, most prominently their joint-authored Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of Results of 6, Operations in California, in This work would become a popular text for poopenoe advocacy of sterilization, as it purported to be an objective study of the operations in the state and concluded, not surprisingly, that rigorous programs for the sterilization of the “unfit” were beneficial to all involved, including the sterilized patients.
During the s he served as a member of the American Popenos Society ‘s board of directors along with Charles B. DavenportHenry H. GoddardMadison GrantHarry H. Laughlinand Gosney, among others. In he received an honorary Sc. Thenceforth, he commonly referred to himself as applief. Along with his advocacy of sterilization programs, Popenoe was also interested in using the principles of German and Austrian marriage-consultation services for eugenic purposes.
Aghast at the divorce rate in US society, Popenoe came to the conclusion that “unfit” families would reproduce out of wedlock, but truly “fit” families would need to be married to reproduce. The Institute was described in as “the world’s largest and best known marriage-counseling center” with a staff of seventy. For a while, Popenoe’s two major interests, eugenics and marriage counseling, ran parallel, and he published extensively on both topics. As public interest in eugenics waned, Popenoe focused more of his energies into marriage appliee, and by the time of the public rejection of eugenics at the end of World War IIwith the revelation of the Nazi Holocaust atrocities, Popenoe had thoroughly redefined himself as primarily a marriage counselor which by that time had lost most of its explicit eugenic overtones.
Over time he became more prominent in the field of counseling. Popenoe favored a popular—rather than academic—approach. In this vein, he appeared on the Art Linkletter television show for over a decade, and he regularly gave lectures and wrote mainstream articles for the general public. For many years he had a nationally syndicated newspaper column promoting marriage popwnoe family life.
Applied Eugenics by Roswell H. Johnson and Paul Popenoe
As presented in a biography, the focus areas of his counseling approach and the American Institute of Family Relations included couples’ attitudes towards marriage, preparation including sexuality educationmoral values, a focus on action, and mutual understanding between the sexes. His introduction to the book catalogued some popenie the statistics of the American Institute of Family Relations over eugenice first 30 years.
Under his direction, the Institute gave intensive training to over marriage counselors and shorter courses around the U. The case load at that time averaged about 15, consultations per year.
The Institute published a bulletin entitled “Family Life” monthly or bimonthly for decades. Given the role of clergy in responding to crisis in families, Popenoe increased focus in training the clergy over many years.
This was the second offering of a master’s degree by the Institute. As Popenoe maintained his traditional values e.
At the same time, thought leaders in the helping professions tended more and more to favor self-fulfilment over preservation of the family. This led Popenoe to ally increasingly with religious conservatives—even though he was not religious himself.
For example, one of his assistants was James Dobsonwho founded Focus on the Xpplied in In contemporary US society of the third millennium, the approach Popenoe developed to marriage counseling—educational and directive rather than medical or psychological—is coming back into fashion. It closed in the s, not long after Paul Popenoe’s death. Shortly before his death, Popenoe transferred his papers to the University of Wyoming.
Inthe American Heritage Center of the University of Wyoming reported the collection Paul Bowman Popenoe Papers,consisting of 85 cubic feet of material. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nicholas, The Century Co.
Leonard”Eugenics and Economics in the Progressive Era”. Journal of Economic PerspectivesVolume 19, No. Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of Results of 6, Operations in California, Can This Marriage Be Saved?
Catalog Record: Applied eugenics | Hathi Trust Digital Library
An elementary knowledge of the history of Africa, or the more recent and much-quoted example of Haiti, is sufficient to prove that the Negro’s own social heritage is at a level far below that of the whites among whom he is living in eugfnics United States The Negro race is germinally lacking in the higher developments of intelligence.
One of the greatest dangers in the use of sterilization is that overzealous persons who have not thought through the subject will look at spplied as a cure-all, and apply it to all sorts of ends for which it is not adapted. It is only one of many measures the state can and must use to protect itself from [the human race’s] deterioration.