The third of the three daily prayers, called the maariv (or arvit) prayer, is recited after dark (the first two are recited in the morning and afternoon). This prayer was . ARVIT (Heb. עַרְבִית; “evening” prayer), one of the three regular daily services. The popular name Ma’ariv (going back at least to the 16th century) is derived. Maariv: Night Prayer – Ashkenaz. וְהוּא רַחוּם יְכַפֵּר עָון וְלא יַשְׁחִית. וְהִרְבָּה לְהָשִׁיב אַפּו וְלא יָעִיר כָּל חֲמָתו: ה’ הושִׁיעָה. הַמֶּלֶךְ יַעֲנֵנוּ.
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In the latter a prayer for peace and Zion-Jerusalem ha-pores sukkat shalom ; “who spreads the tabernacle of peace” replaces the more general formula shomer ammo Yisrael la-ad ; “who guards His people Israel forever”.
Maariv or Ma’ariv Hebrew: Other prayers occasionally agvit include the Counting of the Omer between Passover and Shavuot and Psalm 27 between the first of Elul and the end of Sukkot. Others delay Maariv until after sunset or after dusk.
In general, relatively few prayers are added onto Maariveven on holidays, although there are exceptions. Later, an additional night prayer barukh Adonai ba-yom ; “blessed be the Lord by day” and a benediction expressing messianic hopes yiru einenu ; “may our eyes behold” were attached to this.
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The service will often begin with two verses from Avitfollowed by the communal recitation of Barechu. Its recital was originally regarded as optional Ber. However, this is too pfayer for the recitation of Shema, so Shema should be repeated later under these circumstances. This is because when Shabbat coincides with a holidaythe Amidah does not include the passage.
Then come two benedictions, one praising God for creating the cycle of day and night, and one thanking God for the Torah. Others postpone the counting until the end of the service. The three paragraphs of the Shema are then praysr, both preceded and followed by two blessings, although sometimes a fifth blessing is added at the end.
Prayer for MIA Soldiers. Ashkenazimin the diasporaneither say Psalm nor repeat Barechu, but conclude with Aleinu followed by the Mourner’s Kaddish in Israel, Ashkenazim do repeat Barechu after mourner’s Kaddish.
Encyclopedia Judaica: Arvit
This was based on the biblical phrase “when thou liest down” Deut. List of Jewish prayers and blessings. The Babylonian version is now used on weekdays; the Palestinian on Sabbaths and festivals. This is the service to which the Mishnah and Prayef refer when they arvut of tefillat ha-erev or tefillat arvit Ber. Arvit eventually came to be considered as a statutory prayer, though in token of its optional character, the Amidah is not repeated by the reader even in congregational prayer; further blessings could intervene between it, and the Prsyer blessing cf.
Blessing for the Seas and Oceans. This blessing is omitted on the first night of Passoverbecause that is considered a “time of protection”.
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Maariv: Weekday Night Prayer – Ashkenaz
Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. Values, Practices and Ptayer. He recites the full KaddishAleinu is recited, and the mourners’ Kaddish ends the service. Counting of the Omer.
In many congregations, the afternoon and evening prayers are recited back-to-back, to save people having to attend synagogue twice. While Maariv should be prayed before midnightprayeg may be recited until daybreak or even sunrise. Maariv is said to correspond to the evening observances in the Holy Temple.
The word Maariv is the first significant word in the opening blessing of the evening service. Tradition attributed the institution of Arvit to the patriarch Jacob based on Gen. On Simchat Torahthe Torah is read during Maariv. The hazzan leader then recites half- Kaddish. But there are varying opinions on this. The first praises God for taking the Jews out of Egyptand the second prays for protection during the night. This is again followed by the mourner’s Kaddish.
They are followed by a night prayer Hashkivenu “Grant us to lie down in peace”imploring God’s protection from a variety of dangers and mishaps. In the Talmud, opinions differ as to whether a third daily prayer is obligatory or optional but Psalms A paragraph called “Ata Chonantanu” is inserted into the fourth blessing of the Amidah. In a congregation, Barechuthe formal public call to prayer, is recited.