TITLE: The Catalan Atlas. DATE: AUTHOR: Abraham Cresques. DESCRIPTION: This ‘atlas’ was the work of a family of Catalonian Jewish chart. This page contains the translations into English the legends of the Catalan Atlas ( ) as they appear in the different panels of this work attributed to Cresques. En pocas ocasiones un Mapamundi anónimo y sin fecha se ha podido documentar tan ampliamente como el Atlas Catalán que guarda la Biblioteca Nacional.

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It had a university and a tradition of producing manuscripts on subjects such as science, law, medicine, history and religion. However, this does not mean that the fatalan of maps or cartographic expression was any less significant during the late fourteenth century. Map of northeastern Africa and southwestern Levant, view from the south.

Featured pictures, list Commons: The knowledge of the Majorcan school of cartography was greatly expanded by the activities of the Catalans in the Mediterranean during the 13 th and 14 th centuries when they managed to bring large swathes of the sea under the domination of the Crown of Aragon.

Catalan Atlas Legends – The Cresques Project

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Bisson, The Medieval Crown of Aragon: Essays in the History of Cartography Baltimore, While working within the flexible framework of the portolan chart, Abraham Cresques represents the Mediterranean world, in all its complexity, in relation with the Aragonese domain, by using color and iconography.

He also came from a Jewish family, a fact that may have led to his stigmatization, marginalization, and persecution in a place like Castile, but the outlook of the Aragonese meant that minority communities, such as the Jews and Muslims were generally tolerated.

Most of the information in portolans is derived partially from travel writings or astronomical catalqn, and mainly from vast collections of data pertaining to voyages across the Mediterranean and, in this way, emphasize accuracy.


This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus years or less. It is the only known evidence of the famous gold coinage of Tadmekka. This late example in the British Library, created in a Spanish-ruled city, contains most of the characteristics. Another element shared by many European maps of the Middle Ages was the almost total lack of description of the political, economic, and strategic aspects of the non-Christian world.

The following other wikis use this file: Detail of Spain and North Africa. Salrach, La Corona de Aragon: The rise of the Catalans catlaan an advanced sea-faring nation in the 13 th and 14 th centuries has its roots in the early 13 th century Iberian peninsula, where the Christian reconquista against the Andalusi Muslims was progressing with astonishing success and rapidity.

File Atlas Catalan Abraham – Wikipedia

Skip to content Skip to section menu. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. True as this may be, cayalan is also another, simpler purpose of maps: It is richly illustrated and covers an area stretching from the Atlantic to China and from Scandinavia to the Rio Oro catwlan Africa in six parchment-covered wooden panels. The travels of Marco Polo d. If you have an image of similar quality that can be published under a suitable copyright licensebe sure to upload it, tag it, and nominate it.

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Similarly, Sardinia was in constant rebellion against the Catalqn and was seeking Genoese aid, and thus was not under the complete authority of the Crown of Aragon.

Although religious ideology played an important role in the legitimization and consolidation of their conquests, the Aragonese were largely driven by strategic and commercial considerations. Catalan Atlas caravan drawing. Catalan Atlasdetailed zodiac signs, reproduction from the Naval Museum of Madrid.


Therefore, while possessing a deeper, albeit unclear, meaning the Catalan Atlas was also an important tool that would have been utilized by the Aragonese in the Mediterranean for practical purposes. Following the completion of the conquest of Majorca in and Valencia inthe Catalans shifted their attention towards the central Mediterranean and Sicily, where they became involved in the War of the Sicilian Vespers The highly-pure Tadmekka gold coins would have been a prized commodity for early West African pilgrims making their way across the Sahara.

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The map is around 1. Partially in response to this event, a semi-piratical crusading organization, known as the Catalan Company or Almogavares, journeyed to the eastern Mediterranean. This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia Featured pictures and is considered one of the finest images.

West Africa

On the other hand, a map intended for military use would focus almost exclusively on topographical features relevant to military campaigns. With regard to cataln Catalan Duchy of Athens, which had always been independent of Aragon, the lack of any cafalan of the existence of a politico-administrative relationship between Aragon and Athens may be demonstrative of the growing tendency of the Aragonese to leave the Duchy to its fate in the face of rising Turkish aggression, which the Crown of Aragon had little or no desire to confront.

Detail of Asia – Catalan Domination of Athens, Articles containing Catalan-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with French-language external links. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

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