Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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Using the Pythagorean theoremhe obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines.

This is not the Lanka that is now known as Sri Lanka; Aryabhata is very clear in stating that Lanka is 23 degrees south of Ujjain. Pictures of Aryabhata Image Credit.

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. Walter Eugene Clark David Pingree.

Privacy Policy Manage Cookies. The cause of rising and setting [is that] the sphere of the stars together with the planets [apparently? King and George Saliba, ed.

Aryabhata II biography

This corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in The place-value system, first seen in the 3rd-century Bakhshali Manuscriptwas clearly in place in his work. The Britannica Guide to Numbers and Measurement. The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy. He may have believed that the planet’s orbits as elliptical rather than circular.


The sixth part of the product of three quantities consisting of the number of terms, the number of terms plus one, and twice the number of terms plus one is the sum of the squares. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patnathen the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c.

LallaBhaskara IBrahmaguptaVarahamihira.

Aryabhata II

The university is governed by Bihar State University Act His name, time and provenance” PDF. It is fairly certain that, at some point, autobiogaphy went to Kusumapura for advanced studies and lived there for some time. Identify Actors By Childhood Pics. Indian National Science Academy, Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Sir Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific….

From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer.

Aryabhata discussed the concept of sine in his work by the name of ardha-jyawhich literally means “half-chord”.

It claims that it is a translation by Aryabhata, but the Sanskrit name of this work is not known.

Another work known as the Arya-siddhanta is really only known through references to it in the works of Varahamihira, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara I.

The Aeyabhata presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, arysbhata were influential for many centuries.

Classical India In Indian mathematics: Since, the University of Nalanda was in Pataliputra, and had an astronomical observatory; it is probable that he was its head too. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.


His computational paradigm was so accurate that 18th-century scientist Guillaume Le Gentilduring a visit to Pondicherry, India, found the Indian computations of the duration of the lunar eclipse of 30 August to be short by 41 aryavhata, whereas his charts by Tobias Mayer, were long by 68 seconds. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Aryabhata Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

When Arabic writers translated his works from Sanskrit into Arabic, they referred it as jiba. Archived PDF from the original on 18 March Later in the 12th century, when Gherardo of Cremona translated these writings from Arabic into Latin, he replaced the Arabic jaib with its Latin counterpart, sinuswhich means “cove” or “bay”; thence comes the English word sine. Aryabhata himself one of at least two mathematicians bearing that name lived in the late 5th and the early 6th centuries at Kusumapura Pataliutraa village near the city of Patna and wrote a book called Aryabhatiya.

In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Submerged by lava-flow, now only an arc-shaped ridge remains.

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