Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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There are a large number of marine invertebrates associated with mangolds including spongesascidiansmolluscsshrimps and crabs and also a number of fish and birds. Photos Bakau putih for free download from wildsingapore flickr. Retrieved from ” https: When probed cylindrcia the base, the petal unzips to scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the visiting insect.

Young radicles may be eaten as a vegetable or preserve after boiling. According to Giersen, the timber is heavy and reddish. According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by day flying insects such as butterflies.

Bark greyish with small corky bumps lenticels. Small flowers, several in a cluster on one stalk. Roots showing kneed pneumatophores loops protruding out of the sand Kneed roots of Bruguiera cylindrica Cylindricca parviflora branch left differs in being more delicate and flowers are smaller and more elongated than Bruguiera cylindrica.

Flowers are greenish and grouped in bruguier. General Biology The plant grows in the inner mangroves, often forming pure stands. Stipules pale yellow or greenish.


The petals of the flower hold loose pollen and are under tension. Read more about the Rhizophoraceae family. Bakau putih on Singapore shores. Bruguiera Cyljndrica of the Maldives. Sungei Buloh Besar, Jun The flowers are in small bunches of in the axils of the leaves. The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc. Petals thin, white tipped with tassels.

The glossy green leaves are opposite, simple and elliptical with pointed ends. Views Read Edit View history.

Bruguiera cylindrica

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In traditional medicine, the skin of the fruit is used to stop bleeding and the leaves are used to lower blood pressure. This is a tree of about 20 m bruguiers with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores. The aerial roots or pneumatophores project from the soil in knee-shaped loops bruguierq have many lenticels which allow air into the interconnecting roots while excluding water.

Tree to about 20m, but those seen along our nature trails often almost short shrubs about 1m, to short trees to m. Sungei Briguiera Besar, Apr The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Calyx cup-shaped pale greenish or white with 8 stout, long lobes. Flowers small 1cmemerging from one short stalk. Bruguiera malabarica Arnold Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Propagule develops on the parent plant: Used as firewood and timber.

Bark produces a peculiar odour which frightens away fish. Bruguiera cylindrica Scientific classification Kingdom: Sivasothi editors Volume 1: Beside the generalist insects, each species of mangrove has its own associated leaf feeders and wood borers. Flowers per leaf angle, sepals light green and sticking out at right angles to the fruit; seed germinates in fruit, their hypocotyl up to 15 cm long, like a green or purplish cigarette and often slighly curved.


If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries…. A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: It grows in mangrove swamps in south east Asia.

The roots lower part absorb water and become heavier and after a few weeks the propagules float vertically and are ready to root into the substrate.

Bruguiera cylindrica – Useful Tropical Plants

This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat The seed does not detach itself from the flower stalk but germinates where it is and is known as a propagule. This is probably the most commonly seen tree in our mangroves. It is used for parts of the hull and, especially, for the keel of canoes in the Maldive Islands.

The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction.

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