Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .
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Tropical Animal Health and Production31 Click on images to enlarge Inflorescence. They contain seeds.
Leaves and pods contain large amounts of protein and are free of toxic substances. Calliandra does not withstand frost but is tolerant of dry spells lasting from 1 to 7 months. Calothyrsua can succeed at elevations up to 1, metres, but does best at – metres[ ].
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Drying calliandra leaves helped in removing tannins Norton, Faridah Hanum, I; van der Maesen, L. Well-fertilised soil will increase the production of hermaphrodite flowers. Companion legume, nurse-tree and weed controller Calliandra is often used as a companion legume in alley cropping systems. Drying calliandra leaves before feeding to livestock may have negative effects callthyrsus forage quality Palmer et al. The fruits are broadly linear, flattened, pubescent, dehiscent pods, cm long x 1 cm broad, and brown in colour.
Calliandra calothyrsus Red Calliandra, Powderpuff, Kaliandra PFAF Plant Database
The tannin content in Calliandra calothyrsus is realtively hihg compared to other legume trees and some results are therefore listed in table 2. Unlike leucaena, calliandra is resistant to the psyllid and may replace it where the infection occurs Orwa et al. Fungal attacks can cause serious damages on Calliandra calothyrsus when the plants are cut back too low prior to rainfall or during the wet season.
Agricultural systems such as intercropping with Calliandra calothyrsus are promising and are a way to deal with deforestation issues. Hedgerows being used with alley cropping of maize Zea mays.
Calliandra calothyrsus – Wikipedia
Animal Feed Science and Technology 76, pp. A plant of moderate elevations in the humid and subhumid tropics[ ]. Assessment of the nutritive value calliandea Calliandra calothyrsus: Plantation of Calliandra calothyrsus can be either done by direct seeding or by seedlings. Promiscuous in its Bradyrhizobium requirements, but benefits from inoculation in new areas. Animal Feed Science and Technology 69, pp.
Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandra leaves, pods and seeds. Not listed as caothyrsus noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Has colonised disturbed habitats in Uganda and Hawaii. It is possible that artificial drying makes the nutrients bound with tannins quite indigestible through modification of the chemical binding process. Use of dried calliandra leaf meal Calliandra calothyrsus as a substitute for coconut oil meal in growing rabbit rations.
Calliandra leaves, pods  and young shoots provide a high valuable protein source for animals. PhD Thesis, University of Reading. Please view the copyright link for more information.
It grows from sea level up to an altitude of m, but does better up to m. For a list of references used on this page calliandra go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Calliandra forage is a good source of protein for ruminants, but its high tannin content may or may not be detrimental, depending on the situation.
Pollination by bats of the genus Glossophaga. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. The inflorescence, borne at the apex, is a showy spike-like raceme cm in length. Right plant wrong place.
Experimentally in Kenya, 3 kg of fresh calliandra leaf plus 2 kg of concentrate feed provided a similar response in milk yield and butterfat to 3 kg of concentrate feed. The level of selfing is influenced by provenance, age, floral phenology, population size calliahdra pollinator behaviour.
The names Calliandra confusa and Calliandra similis can be used calothyrsux. Intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization of three tropical tree leguems II. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. New sprouts are readily formed from the root system and facilitate coppicing.
In Zimbabwe, air-dried calliandra was found to be less efficient than leucaena when supplementing maize silage in dairy diets Maasdorp et al.
Several studies have reported negative nitrogen balances resulting from high levels of calithyrsus with calliandra leaf. Good source of the vitamin carotene. Single harvest strategies will therefore result in seed losses from early dehiscing of pods, or varying quantities of unripe seed. Despite this, reasonable animal production is achieved where calliandra has been adopted as a supplement to poor quality basal diets or as a partial replacement of concentrate feeds.
Factors affecting bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass Calliandra calothyrsus.