Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.

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The degree of inflammation observed was dose dependent. Ethyl acetate rhizome and methanol leaf extracts exhibited the best inhibitory activity against -amylase and -glucosidase IC The leaf essential oil of Costus afer Ker-Gawl from Nigeria. Experiments in Uganda to use it for making paper were successful. Leaf sap or a rhizome decoction is taken to treat malaria. The aqueous extract of the leaves and stems showed significant antibacterial and amoebicidal activity in vitro.

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Germinates best at a temperature of 20c[ ]. Kinetic parameters such as the Michaelis-Menten constant affinity and maximum velocity were derived from the plots. Scientia Horticulturae 47 1—2: You can translate the content of this page by ager a language in the select box. It is important not to confuse Costus speciosusC. A papaverine-like alkaloid is found in the rhizome which causes relaxation of smooth muscle and is anti-spasmodic, diuretic and central nervous system depressant in tests in animals.


Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism which correlates with postprandial hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. Bart Wursten x – 4k – jpg www.

Costus – Wikipedia

There are citation in scholarly articles related to Costus afer Ker Gawl. The pulped stem taken in water is strongly diuretic.

View at Google Scholar G. The stems and rhizomes are cut into pieces 2.

Generally, in the present study, the different solvent extracts of all parts of C. The methanol extract of the rhizome showed significant topical anti-inflammatory activity[ ]. It should be noted that the aqueous extract of rhizomes was more effective than the aqueous extracts of the two other parts of the plant indicating that inhibitors of this enzyme may be more concentrated in this plant part.

Costus afer

Email this costu a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. The absolute and relative weight of the kidney was not affected when compared to the control. It flowers and fruits throughout the year, depending on the humidity of the soil[ ]. A qualitative phytochemical screening was carried out to determine the presence of bioactive group of components such as alkaloids, flavonoid, cosus, anthraquinone, triterpenes, anthocyanin, tannins, steroids, glycosides, and phenols [ 910 ].


Materials and Methods 2. Costus, gingembre spirale Fr. Apomictic behaviour in Costus afer – C. Handbook of Medicinal Plants; pp. On the 28 th night, the rats were fasted and on the 29 th day they were sacrificed under ether anesthesia and their livers and kidneys were harvested. The afeer earlier described by Chang et al. The organ weights were taken. These values were lower than IC 50 of the reference drug, acarbose 3.

Whole its boiled root is applied to cuts and sores. Int J Qfer Biosci. In cultivation it requires a rich well-drained, moist soil 2 parts peat moss to 1 part loam to 1 part sharp sand.

Volume 5, Families S—Z, Addenda. Thus, plants or compounds with both hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties could be useful antidiabetic agents. The same extract showed moderate local anaesthetic activity in guinea pig skin test, and contracted the guinea pig ileum in a concentration-dependent manner.

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