Tratat de istorie a religiilor (Romanian Edition) [Mircea Eliade] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvalui ca. Oct 19, [PDF] Mircea Eliade -Tratat de Istoria Religiilor – Free Download – MB. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.
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In contrast, nonreligious man lacks sacred models for how history or human behavior should be, so he must decide on his own how history should proceed—he “regards himself solely as the subject and agent of history, and refuses all appeal to transcendence”.
Likewise, Eliade notes that Nazism involved a pseudo-pagan mysticism based on ancient Germanic religion. It was published by for the first time in Theory in Action -the journal of the Transformative Studies Institute vol. According to the logic of the eternal returnthe site of each such symbolic Center will actually be the Center of the World:.
Only a pro-German government can save us According to Eliade, modern man displays “traces” of “mythological behavior” because he intensely needs sacred time and the eternal return.
The Sacred contains all value, and the world gains purpose and meaning only through hierophanies:. Like Mihail Sebastian, who was himself becoming influenced by Ionescu, he maintained contacts with intellectuals from all sides of the political spectrum: Late in the s, Mihail Sebastian was marginalized by Romania’s antisemitic policies, and came to reflect on his Romanian friend’s association with the far right.
Because the gods particularly the High God, according to Eliade’s deus otiosus concept were closer to humans during the mythical age, religiilpr shaman’s easy communication with the High God represents an abolition of history and a return to the mythical age. For instance, the Babylonian ziggurats were built to resemble cosmic mountains passing through the heavenly spheres, and the rock of the Temple in Jerusalem was supposed to reach deep into the tehomor primordial waters.
According to some “evolutionistic” reeligiilor of religion, especially that of Edward Burnett Tylorcultures naturally progress from animism and eeliade to monotheism. Orneain the s Eliade religiillr authorship of the text.
Third, the shamanistic phenomenon of repeated death and resurrection also represents a transfiguration in other ways. During his later years, Eliade’s fascist past was progressively exposed publicly, the stress of which probably contributed to the decline of his health.
Because Romantics stress that emotion and imagination have the same dignity as reason, Ellwood argues, they tend to think political truth “is known less by rational considerations than by its capacity to fire the passions” and, therefore, that political truth is “very apt to be found [ His interest in the two writers led him to learn Italian and English in private, and he also began studying Persian and Hebrew.
It may be said, in general, that the majority of the sacred and ritual trees that we meet with in the history of religions are only replicas, imperfect copies of this exemplary archetype, the Cosmic Tree. Tratat de istorie a religiilor by Mircea Eliade. Critical PerspectivesRoutledgeLondon,p. A work that drew particular interest was his Jurnal portughez “Portuguese Diary”completed during his stay in Lisbon and published only after its author’s death.
Eliade notes that a Western religiilorr Continental philosopher might feel suspicious toward this Hindu view of history:. The site of a hierophany establishes a “fixed point, a center”.
To ask other readers questions about Tratat de istorie a religiilorplease sign up. Jennifer Olsen rated it did not like it Oct 08, According to Eliade, Marxism “takes up and carries on one of the great eschatological myths of the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean world, namely: Noted for his vast erudition, Eliade had fluent command of five languages RomanianFrenchGermanItalianand English and a reading knowledge of three others HebrewPersianand Sanskrit.
File:Eliade Mircea Istoria credintelor si ideilor religioase Pdf – Monoskop
A short section of it summarizes an anti-Jewish attitude:. Myth describes the Sacred’s first appearance; therefore, the mythical age is sacred time,  the only time of value: Refresh and try again. To evaluate the legacy of Eliade and Joachim Wach within the discipline of the history of religions, the University of Chicago chose the intermediate year between the 50th anniversary of Wach’s death and the th anniversary of Eliade’s birthto hold a two-day conference in order to reflect upon their academic contributions and their political lives in their social and historical contexts, as well as the relationship between their works and their lives.
Also, traditional man’s dissatisfaction with the post-mythical age isstoria itself as a feeling of being “torn and separate”.
According to Eliade, Yoga techniques aim at escaping the limitations of the body, allowing the soul atman to rise above maya and reach the Sacred nirvanamoksha. He claims that Platonism is the “most fully elaborated” version of this primitive ontology. Because of this new “existential situation”, Eliade argues, the Rfligiilor becomes the primary obstacle to nonreligious man’s “freedom”. One of Eliade’s best-known istogia, the novel Maitreyidwells on Eliade’s own experience, comprising camouflaged details of his relationships with Surendranath Dasgupta and Dasgupta’s daughter Maitreyi Devi.
Robert Ellwood describes Eliade’s approach to religion as follows. Furthermore, Eliade argues that Westerners can learn from non-Western cultures to see something besides absurdity in suffering and death.
In his book Mito “Myth”Italian researcher Furio Jesi argues that Eliade denies man the position of a true protagonist in history: Eliade approaches religion by imagining an ideally “religious” person, whom he calls homo religiosus in his writings. The early years in Eliade’s public career show him to have been highly tolerant of Jews in general, and of the Jewish minority in Romania in particular.
A hierophany amounts to a “revelation of an absolute reality, opposed to the non-reality of the vast surrounding expanse”. Keops keops rated it did not like it Sep 25, A piece authored in saw Eliade defining Julius Evola as a great thinker and offering praise to the controversial intellectuals Oswald SpenglerArthur de GobineauHouston Stewart Chamberlain and the Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg.
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