Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.

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Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence.

Human has continuously asked questions about himself and searched for an answer to those questions since the ancient ages. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness.

Erikson examines the stages of personality development in eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud.

As a matter of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. Personality, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change. Altogether, when it comes to accessing reliable and scientific data on man, the only resource to be resorted to is again the data provided by the psychology.

Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz

Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud. Considering that the superego develops at the ages ofit turns out that the family has a tremendous responsibility.

When we speak of psychoanalysis, we mention Freud in the first place. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle.


However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency. Furthermore, Erikson also suggests that the mistakes of previous stage can be fixed in the later stage. Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development.

According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development. When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious. Education, which may be defined as the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change potential of man.

KİŞİLİK GELŞİMİ by Engin Gökbudak on Prezi

As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data on the development and change of personality to those teaching religion or those who assume responsibility of educating a child. Social and cultural environment, especially the family, plays a big role in a healthy and correct development of personality. This made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure. Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

As the comprehensive analysis of all personality theories exceeds far beyond the limits of a single article, this study analyzes only the views of the psychoanalytical approaches on the development and change of personality.

Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life.

According to Jung, the critical threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. One must pay attention to the sensitivity vnemleri adolescent era during which the sense of identity develops and the middle age stage when man seeks the sense of integrity. Please use pdikanaliz identifier to cite or link to this item: However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage. However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to man must be reviewed carefully.



There cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period. Horney, who studied all his academic life the cultural and social effects on personality development, has made dnekleri contributions to psychology in this field. In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development.

Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis.

According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development. Another difference between Freud and Fdeud is that Adler does not handle the personality development in certain periods. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics.

Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life.

It is the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child.

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