George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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They found many unsuspected cancers; which, were not yet detectable on regular biopsy. With his wife and future research companion, he then went to the United States of America.

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He subsequently served as an assistant surgeon in the military until Two laboratories bear his name at Cornell; he authored four books and over articles; he papaniicolaou nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine; and, was awarded the United Nations Prize in Papanikolaou’s portrait appeared on the papanicolaoi of the Greek 10, drachma banknote of —, [9] prior to its replacement by the euro.

The history of the Papanicolaou smear and the odyssey of George and Andromache Papanicolaou. Life of George N.

Individuals Law and crime Manufacture and trade Media and performing arts Medicine and health. But the work was met with scepticism. For the next two years, he cared for leprosy patients on the outskirts of his hometown.


The first National Cytology Congress, held inhailed this new diagnostic tool for carcinoma georte the cervix as unique because it could detect cancer before it was visible. Postal Service with a cent stamp for early cancer detection.

The idea was that the test should be repeated frequently. Support Center Support Center. However, Papanicolaou wanted to work in medical science, and in he went to Jena, Germany, for postgraduate study at the Zoological Institute in Munich, the greatest zoological research centre in the world at that time.

Upon examination of a slide made from a smear of the patient’s vaginal nicyolas, Papanicolaou discovered that abnormal cancer cells could be plainly observed under a microscope. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. His capable wife Mary managed both laboratory and household affairs, even functioning as an experimental subject in some of his studies.

During this time, nichola developed his ncholas of preservation of these cells by wet fixation and precise staining.

Original Artwork: Gene Boyer: Dr. George Nicholas Papanicolaou

The Pap smear for cervical cancer was designed as an inexpensive screening test. Life of George N.

Much of his work was done in collaboration with the biochemist Charles Rupert Stockard and E. Papanicolaou’s findings meant that cervical cancer could be detected and treated before it could metastasize to other georrge.


However, complying with his father’s wish, he continued his studies at the medical faculty and received the M. Accordingly, Papanicolaou’s diagnostic technique made it possible to diagnose asymptomatic patients.

Article contents Bibliography See also. This resulted in a historic drop in the incidence of cervical cancer among American women.

Nikolas and Maria Papanicolaou. Shortly thereafter, Papanicolaou married Andromache Mavroyeni Marywho was from a famous military family. He was thrilled when he was able to discern differences between the cytology of normal and malignant cervical cells upon a simple viewing of swabs smeared on microscopic slides. En route to Paris, Papanicolaou stopped for a visit at the Oceanographic Institute of Monaco and accepted an unexpected offer to join its staff.

Moreover, such early diagnosis enabled physicians to treat patients while they were still in georhe earliest, and most treatable, stages of cancer.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Open in a nicolas window. Three nations have dedicated postage stamps in his honor, including the U. Sign in with your library card.

InPapanicolaou became Emeritus Professor at what was then Cornell University Medical College, where two laboratories now bear his name.

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