Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

Author: Gorn JoJogrel
Country: Albania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 4 December 2015
Pages: 297
PDF File Size: 17.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.68 Mb
ISBN: 488-6-19727-939-9
Downloads: 81103
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazujas

Leaf sap is also used as ear drops to treat otitis. Insects associated with this species: Leaves alternate, simple and entire; stipules 1—3 mm long, linear, soon falling; petiole 0.

Click on “show more” to view them. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 81 2: Carpodiptera minor Sim Hymenocardia mollis Pax var. Two varieties are distinguished in Hymenocardia acida: Inhibition of adjuvant arthritis in the rat and pinnal inflammation in the mouse by an extract of Hymenocardia acida.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Hymenocardia acida is a host for the fungus Coniella diplodiellawhich causes white rot of grapes Vitis vinifera L. From the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated.

The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Methylene chloride and methanolic stem bark and root extracts showed moderate activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Citation in news articles. There are 1 Wikipedia citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.


The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous. In an in-vitro test of plants from DR Congo, water extracts, and to a lesser extent ethanol extracts, of the leaves showed significant effect against sickle cell formation.

Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases. Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow. The fruits are dewinged and soaked in cold water for 48 hours before sowing. A root or stem bark decoction is taken as an antidote for plant poisoning.

Powdered bark in water or pulped bark is taken internally to treat abdominal pains, diarrhoea, dysentery, menstrual pains, female infertility, painful swellings, cough and epileptic fits. However, not much is known about the active compounds, and therefore more research is warranted. Pharmaceutical Biology 43 1: Hymenocardia acida fruiting branch. hymenocardua

Hymenocardia acida – Useful Tropical Plants

Hymenocardia acida is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, and is locally common. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts.

Hymenocardia acida 1, flowering branch; 2, female flower; 3, infructescence. Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images 7. International Journal of Pharmacognosy A dichloromethane extract of the leafy twigs showed significant antitrypanosomal activity; different root and leaf extracts only showed moderate activity. The stem bark is made into rope.

Evaluation of the anti-ulcer activity of aqueous stem-bark extract of Hymenocardia acida family – Euphorbiaceae. It occurs mainly on sandy, loamy or clayey soils, from sea-level up to m altitude. In southern Africa steam inhalations from the root powder are considered cleansing for the stomach.


There are citation in scholarly articles related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. The young fruits are eaten by children, although they are rather sour.

Scholars Research Library

Bees commonly visit the flowers for nectar and pollen. Citation in scholarly articles. Derivation of specific name: Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. A root decoction or root bark in porridge is taken as a febrifuge, to treat malaria, arterial hypertension and amoebic dysentery. Powdered fresh roots are also taken to treat anaemia, including sickle cell anaemia.

Hymenocardia acida

Dioecious, deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 —10 m tall, often straggling; bole up to 30 cm hymenocrdia diameter, often stunted or contorted; bark smooth, pale brown or grey, flaking off, showing a powdery reddish to orange inner bark; upper branches spreading, lower branches drooping; young shoots short-hairy.

Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products. Screening for antitumor anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire.

This article was written by admin