Habraken wrote a book called ‘Supports’ which proposed a method of mass housing where the ‘support’ or base building is separated from. Supports: An Alternative to Mass Housing [N. J. Habraken] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The architecture / housing / urbanism book that launched the Supports / Open Building movement John F.C. Turner · out of. Entrevista a John Habraken Almost fifty years after the publication of your book Supports, and with the mass housing dominating us, your theories are still.

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He designed a fabric of courtyards some of which were accessed from a street and gave access to the units in the four floor structure while others served as garden space for the units around it. Naturally, his work for OASE is also shown extensively in this exhibition.

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It also demonstrated correctly that the separation of support structure and fit-out need not mean that users had to build with their own hands or design their own units, but would act as clients to professional designers. An Alternative to Mass Housing in It also allowed for a single structural principle to be built continuously and efficiently on a urban scale, without producing deadening support or uniformity because the courtyards could all be different in size and the dwelling units also were individually diffferent and could express their individuality by shaping their own facades from predetermined elements and selected colors.

In Habraken was appointed professor at Eindhoven University of Technologyand habra,en with the responsibility to set up its new Department of Architecture and serve as its first chairperson. It seemed to me that any illustrations would defeat the purpose, which was to change the attitude of professionals and make them think for themselves about this supportz solution.

The ideas of the foundation, which focused on alter- native housing design, attracted national and international interest. This, in turn allows for a larger initial investment and hence a better quality building.

This is the universe to be shared here. As a result, residents and architects protested against “unaesthetic” extensions on buildings and in private gardens of this area with a special cultural value. But while that may be, it seems to me, that this evidence also points out that the future professional establishment will be much more flexible itself and will have the capacity to organize each project in response to its particular needs.


This text apparently triggered people’s hopes as well as fears. I do not know if I was more impressed with his generosity talking to everyone who came to him or with his wisdom expressing ideas and criticisms on contemporary architecture.

N. John Habraken – Wikipedia

Let me first talk about projects that have been done. Not only does one have to deal with many more individual parties each occupying a relatively small floor space, but also the technical complexity increases substantially where bathroom and kitchen equipment occupy a relatively large part of the dwelling surface and must satisfy the particular preferences of the inhabitants. Habraken’s approach is complemented by those of John Turner and Colin Wardboth of whom focus on the social and economic aspects of housing provision with a similar model.

When the first edition was about to come out, the publisher, Paul Nijhoff-Asser, told me “this book will be read by few, but everybody will have an opinion about it”. Where the commercial developer needs to make a short term profit, long term ownership of a support building has its own supporgs advantages. Soportes, una alternativa al alojamiento de masasAlberto Corazon, Madrid, date? Nabeel Hamdi, Housing Without Houses: Kahri invited the Tocoman data processing company which had extensive experience in dealing with building projects.

John Habraken john habraken. This is already evident in the five projects mentioned earlier. His book, entitled ‘Supports, an Alternative to Mass Housing’, was first published inEnglish editionin which he proposes the separation of ‘support’ from ‘infill’ in residential construction and design: John Habraken, a Dutch citizen, was born in Bandung, Indonesia in His book “The Structure of the Xupports is an investigation of laws governing the built environment as revealed by patterns of transformation.

Spatial Agency: John Habraken

Unfortunately, this is only available in the Dutch language: Wiewel and Sue Gibbons from the original Dutch publication: More experience and documented histories are needed before any general conclusions can be drawn.

John Habraken Bio John Habraken b. English translation by W. What are the limitations and further improvements already incorporated into their ways of working? The Molenvliet project of the early supportx demanded a new way to value formal approval of subsidized housing as well as a willingness by the non-profit institution that owns the project to support ongoing change of individual dwellings when user preferences shift when children move out or when new occupancy is in order.


The initial English edition was almost scuttled because I refused to have illustrations included while the publisher argued an architectural book without pictures would not sell. More information and free registration via Evenbrite link!

An Alternative to Mass Housing London: While commercial developers increasingly leave occupancy of office space to the renters of such spaces, they remain wary of this approach in residential for-sale projects. Participation, Flexibility, Enablement New York: He has lectured on these topics worldwide and is the author of a vast number of books, research reports, and many articles. Views Read Edit View history. In the sixties it was denounced as oppressive because it subscribed to hahraken and its inevitable manipulation by big capital.

Edited reprint of the English edition.

The houses are designed by various architects and residents. In his overview a short graph is added to each project stating which of a number of characteristics of OB projects are found in it.

Whilst in the provider model housing is seen as a physical and technical problem that can be solved through mass production and regulation, in order to ensure quality and standards, the support model acknowledges the dispersed nature of resources in society, focusing instead on social infrastructure. Giorgio Macchi re-organized his office to apply the two level distinctions to all projects.

Each OB project has its own history. In Habraken’s method, the large-scale physical infrastructure is designed and built by the technicians-architects, engineers and construction companies-working with the State, whilst the infill is provided by a small-scale, individualised approach. Mass housing was based on the single, standardized, floor plan to be repeated as many times as possible, preferably throughout the entire building.

Abstract The economic crisis of the last few years has had an impact on the domain of spatial planning and architectural practice.

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