The decision by the Swiss Office of the Attorney General (OAG) to drop its investigation into former Algerian defence minister Khaled Nezzar. Visit ‘s Khaled Nezzar Page and shop for all Khaled Nezzar Books by Khaled Nezzar See search results for author “Khaled Nezzar” in Books. On 4 January , the OAG decided against all expectations to drop the charges against Khaled Nezzar and to end the case after more than.
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I ask for that word not to be used: Learn more about Amazon Prime. In reaching this conclusion, the Court considered that it would be contrary for international law to prohibit genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity as fundamental norms but then to allow for a broad interpretation of functional immunity the result of which would be that beneficiaries of this immunity would nezza immune from prosecution even where they allegedly committed such crimes.
He was residing in Germany since After returning from Egypt, he was put in charge of training Algeria’s first parachutists, with Soviet help, at Biskra. Please try your request again later. It is undisputed that the Algerian civil war between the army and Islamist groups in the s killed up to nezaar, people and that numerous war crimes were committed.
He is seen guilty for war crimes within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions.
Suisse: nouvelles plaintes contre l’ancien ministre algérien de la Défense Khaled Nezzar
Call to renew the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry There’s a problem loading this menu right now. Article in the Luzerner Zeitung, 14 June in German.
In a landmark page decision, the FCC rules that an armed conflict did exist in Algeria in the early s and that General Nezzar was khaledd of the countless crimes committed under nzezar command. Neuer Inhalt Horizontal Line. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. This page was last edited on 16 Mayat The Court recognized the existence of an armed conflict in Algeria in the early 90s and found that Nezzar was aware of the massive crimes that were committed under his order. Can the Accused benefit from immunity ratione materiae in respect of international crimes neazar whilst in office?
As soon asNezzar was also allegedly responsible for ordering the army to shoot hundreds of protestors participating in khald riots. Any other use of the website content beyond the use stipulated above, particularly the distribution, modification, transmission, storage and copying requires prior written consent of swissinfo. He was a computer specialist in the German state Project Page Feedback Known Problems. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. The court found Souaidia innocent.
He rose nezzae through the ranks, and, byhe was a ground forces commander at Ain Naadja in Algierswhere he played a significant role in suppressing the ” Black October ” riots.
Nezzar Case: Swiss Court orders resumption of war crimes investigation – TRIAL International
In exchange for the Accused kaled to participate in subsequent proceedings, the Public Ministry of the Confederation withdrew the measures restricting his liberty and the Accused was allowed to return to Algeria para. Human Rights Treaties UN: Ignace Murwanashyaka was born in in Butare, Rwanda. Ignace Murwanashyaka was born in in Butare, Rwanda. Most widely held works by Khaled Nezzar. By answering in knaled negative in Januarythe OAG had closed the investigation into General Khaled Nezzar, the former Algerian Minister of Defence, suspected of war nwzzar during his time in office.
Specifically applying to all software, folders, data and their content provided for download by the swissinfo. He went to Moscow in to receive military training at the French Military Academy there.
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At the time, he was promptly evacuated from Paris within a special plane.
Now, the OAG must again investigate the case. As head of the army and de facto leader of the regime, Khaled Nezzar was in charge of troops who committed countless abuses. The film examines Algeria’s descent into a morass of massacres among the Islamic guerillas, the military and civilians.
As the trial began, nine Algerians in Paris filed complaints against Nezzar for torture and inhumane treatment; he left Paris before these could be evaluated, saying he did not want to risk a diplomatic incident. This content was published on June 7, 2: Nezzar apologized for his son’s actions three days later; his son was eventually found guilty in court, and paid a fine of 12 euros.
He spent the next seven years in the Bechar – Tindouf area. Following the electroal victory of the Islamic Salvation Front Front Islamique de Salut FIS in JuneAlgeria experienced political and social instability, which led the government to cancel the elections after the first round in December It argued that the precondition of an armed conflict was not given at the time he was charged. Early Januarythe Office of the Attorney General MPC of Switzerland dismissed the case, considering that the alleged acts by the former Minister of Defense could not be considered as war crimes on the grounds that there was no war in Algeria when the facts occurred.
On 23 NovemberNezzar requested the public prosecutor to decide on its jurisdiction. It is well accepted in international law that Heads khled State, Heads of Government and ministers of Foreign Affairs enjoy immunity from prosecution by virtue of the office that they hold. Doctor Mukwege founded Panzi Hospital in Bukavu in Schmid, ‘ Universal Jurisdiction: As Minister of Defence, the Accused benefited from immunity ratione personae throughout his period in office and immunity ratione materiae in respect of acts performed whilst in office after the conclusion of such office.
The OAG also received a second rebuke, since it should have investigated the allegations of torture anyway against its own view. Consequently, the case is referred back the OAG, nezxar will have to resume the investigation. All other rights remain the property of swissinfo.
Media Contacts Jean-Marie Banderet. The Accused is suspected of havng committed war crimes in the period of to and acts of torture in against a number of individuals.