The term “pinworm” refers to Enterobius vermicularis, a tiny, threadlike, white roundworm (formally known as a nematode) that infects the. Learn about pinworms, the facts on how the infection is spread, and the life cycle of how long it lasts in humans. Gravid females move outside the anus during the night and deposit eggs in the perianal area. The larvae in the egg become infective in approximately 4 hours.
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Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. Retrieved 21 Vrmicularis They are estimated to infect some million people, but few countries consider them to be of public health significance due to their low pathogenicity.
The males have a curved tail and a single penial spicule in the cloaca fig. This page was last edited vermicualris 9 Marchat Person-to-person transmission can also occur through handling of contaminated clothes or bed linens.
Retroinfection, or the migration of newly llfe larvae from the anal skin back into the rectum, may occur but the frequency with which this happens is unknown. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
File:Enterobius vermicularis LifeCycle.gif
This page was last edited on 21 Septemberat Retrieved from ” https: Pinworms have direct life-cycles involving the oral ingestion of eggs containing infective larvae. Following ingestion, the eggs hatch in the small intestine and the larvae migrate to the large intestine and mature over weeks.
The eggs, however, are not excreted with faecal material, but are attached to the perianal skin. Person-to-person transmission can also occur through handling of contaminated clothes or bed linens. Enterobiue life span of the adults is about two months. Enterobiasis [Enterobius vermicularis] Life cycle of Enterobius vermicularis 1: Enterobius vermicularis Linnaeus Enterobius anthropopitheci Gedoelst,  Enterobius gregorii Hugot, disputed   .
Heavy infections in children may cause restlessness, irritability, anorexia, insomnia, nightmares, bed-wetting, nausea and vomiting.
For all practical purposes, the morphology, life cycle, clinical presentation, and treatment of E. Secernentea Entegobius Camallanida Dracunculus medinensis Dracunculiasis. Enterobius vermicularis Parasitic roundworms File: These would be swallowed and follow the same development as ingested eggs. They have three lips surrounding the anterior mouth, a large oesophageal bulb, and a conspicuous anterior cuticular inflation swollen head. Oxyuridaecollected from chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, on Rubondo Island, Tanzania”.
Gravid females migrate nocturnally outside the anus and oviposit while crawling on the skin of the perianal area. Fertilized female vermicylaris migrate out through the anus and deposit eggs of the perianal skin. Other than human, Enterobius vermicularis were reported from bonnet macaque.
Pinworm (parasite) – Wikipedia
Retroinfection, or the migration of newly hatched larvae from the anal skin back into the rectum, may occur but the frequency with which this happens is unknown. Its terminal mouth is bounded by three lips like structure and a pair of cephahc expansions of cuticle.
CDC – Enterobiasis – Biology
Nonetheless, clothes, bed linen and towels should be laundered in hot water, dusty areas should be well vacuumed and potentially contaminated surfaces should be cleaned. Eggs may contain a developing embryo or a fully developed pinworm larva. Self-infection occurs by transferring infective eggs to the mouth with hands that have scratched the perianal area.
The pinworm has a worldwide distribution,  and is the most common helminth i. Piperazine has been used for many years but requires a longer course of treatment.
Such transmission is therefore not strictly faecal-oral, but rather contaminative, involving the transfer of eggs to the mouth via host behaviours or inanimate objects.
More commonly, however, infections are characterized by intense perianal itching pruritis ani caused by host sensations and reactions to female worms depositing sticky eggs on the skin. Adult worms attach to the mucosa and feed on intestinal content, bacteria and possibly epithelial cells, causing minute ulcerations which may lead to mild catarrhal inflammation with diarrhoea, eosinophilia and bacterial infection. Copulation takes place in human colons.
Gravid females migrate nocturnally outside the anus and oviposit while crawling on the skin of the perianal area.